Chapters of history of Severodonetsk RPA “Impulse”

In September 2016, Severodonetsk Research and Production Association “Impulse” (SRPA “Impulse”) was 60. The history of the enterprise is closely connected with the formation and the development of computer machinery for monitoring and control of technological processes. Over these years, hundreds of models of processors, peripheral equipment, industrial controllers, operator equipment, different automation devices, system and application software have been developed and mastered in the batch production.

Based on the developments by RPA “Impulse”, tens of thousands of software and hardware systems (PTK) of instrumentation and control systems have been produced for such industries as: nuclear and thermal power engineering, oil and gas, chemical, aerospace, transport, metallurgy, mechanical engineering, geophysics, defence, marine, etc.


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1956


Foundation of the enterprise

In 1956, Lisichansk Branch of Moscow Special Design Engineering Bureau No. 245 (SKB-245) – a leading organization for computer machinery in the USSR, was founded in Severodonetsk. Construction of Severodonetsk Instrument Engineering Plant (SPZ) started, which completed in 1960. Personnel of Lisichansk Branch of SKB-245 almost completely consisted of young specialists – graduates of universities of Moscow, Leningrad, Kyiv, Kharkiv, Lviv, Taganrog, Odessa, Penza, etc.

Viacheslav Tolkachev – a young Candidate of Technical Sciences, was appointed as Head of Lisichansk Branch of SKB-245. In 1958, Lisichansk Branch of SKB-245 became subordinated to Kyiv Automation Institute as its branch (LFIA).


1957-1962


Creation of specialized computer complexes for specific customers (“Adviser of a blast furnace master” for “Azovstal” Plant, Dnipropetrovsk, Kryvyi Rih Iron and Steel Works; “Automatic operator” for Chernorechensk Chemical Plant; “Automatic dispatching system” for Severodonetsk PA “Azot”).

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In 1959 , Andrii Novokhatnii became Director of Lisichansk Automation Institute. In 1963, the branch was reorganized into Research Institute for Control Computers (NIIUVM) of the Instrumentation Ministry of the USSR, Andrii Novokhatnii was appointed as its Director.


1963-1967


Development and manufacturing of MPPI-1, UM-1, KVM-1, “Angara”, “Baikal” control computers. The control system for the sorting complex based on 18 “Angara” machines and a “Baikal” machine was put into commercial operation at Bratsk Timber Processing Complex.

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1968-1971


Creation of М-2000, М-3000 computing machines – the first in the USSR computers with the third-generation architecture (IBM/360). Development and commissioning of the first in the USSR Sirena-1 automated flight ticket selling network (based on an М-3000 third-generation computer), which assured ticket selling for flights from airports of Moscow.

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1972-1975


Development and start of the batch manufacturing of М-6000, М-7000 control computers for such branches of: thermal power engineering, oil and gas, chemical, aerospace, metallurgy, mechanical engineering, defence, marine, etc.

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1976-1984


Since 1976, supplies of digital control complexes to nuclear power plants started. The first complexes based on the М-7000 redundant control machines were commissioned at Beloiarsk, Novovoronezh, Rivne NPPs.

In 1976, works started under the international program for creation of a series of small control computers.

Remark: Before 1990, more than 10 000 of SМ-1, SМ-2, SМ-2М, SМ-1210, SМ-1634, TVSО-1, PS 1001 complexes were produced according to developments by SRPA “Impulse” at several production facilities.

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In 1980, an I&C system for sporting events based on the М-7000 two-processor machines was commissioned within an “Olimpiada-80” I&C system.

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1981. Start of series production of PS-2000, PS-3000 high-performance multiple-processor computers. They found usage not only in geophysics, but also in systems processing hydroacoustics data, images (received during space sounding of the Earth), telemetric data received from space objects, scientific experiments, as well as in defense industry.

PS-2000

PS-3000

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1982. The order of the Instrument Engineering Ministry of the USSR appointed RPA “Impulse” the Leading Organization for Creation, Commercial Development and Introduction of Control Computer Machinery for Nuclear Power Engineering.

1984. The first person who had a spacewalk, a pilot cosmonaut of the USSR, the Deputy Head of the Cosmonauts' Training Centre Oleksii Leonov paid SRPA “Impulse” a working visit. Developments of the enterprise and the plant were shown to Oleksii Leonov and his accompanying persons. The result of the visit was a contract for supply of computer equipment and software for the Cosmonauts' Training Centre.


1985-1991


The SМ-2М redundant control complexes were commissioned at 22 power units of the East European countries.

1986. Basic components of an MSKU М Microprocessor Instrumentation and Control System were developed. The MSKU is directed toward creation of fail-safe control systems with the distributed structure. Remark:It was upgraded till 2000.

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1992-2000


Tens of instrumentation and control system were commissioned on the MSKU М platform. The main ones are as follows:

  • in the nuclear power engineering: Kola NPP, power units 1, 2 – process information system; Kursk NPP – I&C system of open distribution devices 750kV; Zaporizhzhia NPP, power unit 3 – ICMS-М in-core monitoring system; PA “Maiak” (Oziorsk of Cheliabinsk region) – “Ruslan” and “Liudmila” reactor facility control system;
  • in the thermal power engineering: I&C systems for power units with 800, 300, 200 MW at Zaporizhzhia, Vuhlehirsk, Kurakhove, Kirishi, Zmiiiv, Beriozovskaia thermal power plants;
  • in the oil and gas industry: I&C systems of gas compressor stations at companies “Ukrgasvydobuvannya”, “Ukrnafta”, “Poltavahazprom”, “Donbastranshaz”.

Scientific-technical articles were published in different editions.

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2001


A second-generation platform - MSKU 2М was developed: MSKU 2 industrial controllers, PS5110, PS5120 workstations, automated workstations for process operators and other equipment. The development started in 1998.

Hundreds of I&C systems were commissioned on the MSKU 2М platform at NPPs of Ukraine and Russia. The main ones are as follows:

  • Process information systems, Unit’s upper level,
  • ICMS-М in-core monitoring systems,
  • AKNP-I neutron flux monitoring systems,
  • Safety control systems (on unconditional logic);
  • Normal operation systems for the power unit’s reactor facility (on unconditional logic).

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In February 2001, the meeting of the coordination and expert council for NPP I&C systems under NNEGC “Energoatom” took place at the site of SRPA “Impulse”..

Plans for reconstruction of I&C systems of Ukrainian NPPs, in particular plans for creation of new samples of ICMS and IVS were discussed.

The members of the coordination and expert council saw new production facilities of SRPA “Impulse”.


2002


In March 2002, the meeting of the coordination and expert council for NPP I&C systems under NNEGC “Energoatom” was held at the site of SRPA “Impulse”. The members of the coordination and expert council saw the latest developments: МSKU 2, PS 5110, UKTS-VL cabinets, IА-3, IА-4 smooth start-up devices, etc. Reports-presentations were made as to IVS and ICMS-М implemented based on the МSKU 2М.

A booklet “Automatic control system for gas-compressor units (SAU HPA)” 2002 was published.

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An article was published in the journal “Industrial I&C Systems and Controllers” 2002, No. 03 “MSKU 2M microprocessor instrumentation and control system”.

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2003


In May 2003, President of the Ukrainian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs Anatolii Kinakh visited SRPA “Impulse”.

Main directions of works to create PTKs for I&C systems for different branches of industry, and primarily for nuclear power engineering facilities were shown to him, he visited main subdivisions of “Impulse”: laboratories, testing ground, productions areas.

In August 2003, SRPA “Impulse” obtained a license from the State Nuclear Regulatory Committee of Ukraine to design nuclear facilities as to design works for NPP I&C systems and author’s supervision of their operation.

A tutorial “Software and hardware systems for I&C systems” was published, where peculiarities of software and hardware systems (PTK) used for creation of instrumentation and control systems were considered.

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2004


In July 2004, the meeting of the coordination and expert council for NPP I&C systems was held at the site of SRPA “Impulse”.

The issues relating to development and implementation of complexes of I&C systems at power units of Ukraine were considered. The members of the coordination and expert council saw the plant of CJSC “SRPA “Impulse”, technology of hardware manufacturing and adjustment.

A catalog “Highly-reliable instrumentation and control systems for technological processes for nuclear power engineering and other branches of industry” was published. It included descriptions of components of the МSKU 2М and systems based on them.

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2005


The third-generation platform - МSKU 3М was developed: industrial controllers, workstations, equipment for arrangement of reactor control and protection systems and other equipment. Remark: The development started in 2003.

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An article was published in the journal “Nuclear and radiation safety” 2005, No. 01 “Neutron flux monitoring system for WWER-1000 reactors: safety assurance and assessment”.

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An article was published in the journal “Nuclear and radiation safety” 2005, No. 04 “Concept of modernization of in-core monitoring systems for WWER-1000 of Ukrainian NPPs”.

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An article was published in the journal “Devices” 2005, No. 12 “Severodonetsk “Impulse” today”.

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2006


A catalog “Highly-reliable instrumentation and control systems for technological processes for nuclear power engineering and other branches of industry” was published. It included descriptions of components of the МSKU 3М and systems based on them.

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Staff and veterans celebrated the 50th anniversary of the enterprise.

The solemn celebration took place, where employees with families and enterprise’s veterans, as well as representatives of partner organizations and users of products by SRPA “Impulse” were present. Director Volodymyr Yelisyeyev made a solemn speech. Then numerous speeches-congratulations followed. After this a holiday concert took place. All employees received cash bonuses, those distinguished themselves were awarded honorary diplomas.

An excursion for the distinguished veterans took place at the site of “Impulse” the day before.

An anniversary booklet of the enterprise was published.

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Collected articles “Instrumentation and control systems” confined to the 50th anniversary of SRPA “Impulse” were published. The articles considered the peculiarities of instrumentation and control systems (I&C systems) for critical facilities, gave examples of practical implementation of software and hardware of I&C systems, considered issues of certification, assurance of reliability, survivability, production technology of I&C systems.

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Since 2006, developments and supplies of the following systems to NPPs of Ukraine (within the Concept of Safety Upgrade for Operating NPP Power Units), RF and Armenia started based on the MSKU 3M

  • AKNP-IF neutron flux monitoring systems (manufactured from 2006 till 2016);
  • CRDS-440, CRDS-1000 reactor facility control rod drive systems (from 2006 till 2014);
  • Boron concentration monitoring systems based on an NAR-I neutron solution analyzer (from 2007 till 2013);
  • Digital normal operation control systems (from 2008 till 2013);
  • “Black box” systems to register important parameters of NPP power unit operation (from 2008 till 2014);
  • Centers for support of operators in emergencies (from 2008 till 2013);
  • Reactor complex diagnostics systems (from 2008 till 2013);
  • Systems to monitor emergency “Coolant leak from the primary circuit to the secondary one” (from 2009 till 2013);
  • Digital technological safety control systems (from 2010 till 2013).

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2007-2008


SRPA “Impulse” won one of the lots of the international tender held by the European Commission under the “Tacis U1.04/05A” project for supply of the neutron flux monitoring system to Khmelnitsky NPP.

In 2008, after successful acceptance testing with the participation of specialists of EBRD, the AKNP-IF neutron flux monitoring system was commissioned at power unit 1 of KhNPP.


An article was published in the journal “Nuclear and radiation safety” 2007, No. 01 “AKNP-IF neutron flux monitoring system: peculiarities, safety assurance and assessment”.

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SRPA “Impulse” won the international tenders conducted under the modernization program for KhNPP-2/RNPP-4 after start-up financed out of proceeds of the credit managed by the EBRD:

  • Complex diagnostics system for KhNPP-2, RNPP-4;
  • “Black Box” system to preserve information in the beyond-design accident conditions for KhNPP-2, RNPP-4;
  • System to control emergency “Coolant leak from the primary circuit to the secondary one with the equivalent section Dy100” for KhNPP-2, RNPP-4.

Works were performed within the time and in the scopes corresponding to the contracts.

In October 2008, the meeting of the coordination and expert council for NPP I&C systems under NNEGC “Energoatom” took place at SRPA “Impulse”. The members of the coordination and expert council saw the latest developments: CRDS-1000, I&C system of NOS RO, etc.

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2009-2011


The fourth-generation platform - МSKU 4М was developed: industrial controllers, workstations, equipment for arrangement of reactor control and protection systems and other equipment.

Based on the МSKU 4М the following is manufactured and commissioned at NPPs of Ukraine (within the framework of the Complex (Consolidated) Safety Upgrade Program for Ukrainian NPP Units), Slovakia, Bulgaria:

SRPA “Impulse” won the international tender held by the European Commission under the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation program (EuropeAid/127088/D/SUP/AM project) for supply of boron concentration and neutron flux monitoring systems for power unit 2 of Armenian NPP.

In 2010, after successful acceptance testing with the participation of specialists of the EBRD and Armenian NPP, the systems were commissioned at power unit 2 of NPP.

IА-4/3, IА-4/4 smooth start-up automates were supplied to Kozloduy NPP (Bulgaria).

A catalog “Highly-reliable instrumentation and control systems for technological processes for nuclear power engineering” was published. It included descriptions of components of the МSKU 3М and systems based on them.

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2012


A catalog “Highly-reliable instrumentation and control systems for technological processes for nuclear power engineering and other branches of industry” was published. It included descriptions of components of the МSKU 4М and systems based on them.

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2013


A new generation of unified highly-reliable software and hardware for implementation of integrated railway automatics systems was created. On their basis new-generation railway automatics systems were developed and are manufactured:


Experts of the mission “IAEA review of digital instrumentation and control systems developed by SRPA “Impulse”” audited processes of creation and operation of instrumentation and control systems important for NPP safety. Based on the results of the audit, high quality of development, manufacturing, testing and support of operation of the systems were noted, the systems conform to the corresponding sections of the IAEA Safety Guide NS-G-1.3.


In August of 2013, NNEGC “Energoatom” held the meeting of the coordination and expert council for NPP I&C systems at the site of SRPA “Impulse”. The issues of implementation and operation of new equipment for I&C systems of power units with WWER-type reactors were discussed during the meeting.

The members of the coordination and expert council visited the production shops, the experimental and research facilities, the testing laboratory and the enterprise’s museum.

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An article was published in the journal “Nuclear and radiation safety” 2013, No. 04 “NPP instrumentation and control systems manufactured by SRPA “Impulse”. State, prospects”.

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2014


A tutorial “MPC-U and MAB-U microprocessor train control systems” was published. It gives main ideas and principles of construction of MPC-U microprocessor interlocking systems, MAB-U automatic block signalling and power supply systems. Characteristics, composition and descriptions of components are given.

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2015


SRPA “Impulse” won the tender held within the implementation of the “Complex (Consolidated) Safety Upgrade Program for NPP Units” project using credit funds of EBRD/EURATOM for supply of a complex diagnostics system of a reactor facility and a primary pipelines displacement monitoring system for three power units: RNPP-3, KhNPP-1, SUNPP-3. The partners of “Impulse” in the project implementation – French and German company Framatome and Slovakian firm Vuje.

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Works were performed within the time and in the scopes corresponding to the contract with SE “NNEGC “Energoatom”.

Remark: Till 2018, SRPA “Impulse” won fifteen similar tenders for supply of instrumentation and control systems to Ukrainian NPPs.


2016


On 23 September 2016, the solemn celebration of the 60th anniversary of SRPA “Impulse” took place in the Ice Palace of Sport. Employees with families and enterprise’s veterans were invited to the celebration. All employees received cash bonuses, those distinguished themselves were awarded honorary diplomas. Chairman of the Supervisory Board Volodymyr Yelisyeyev made a solemn speech. The people gathered were congratulated by Chairman of the Lugansk Regional State Administration and Mayor of Severodonetsk.

Then a holiday concert with the participation of Ukrainian entertainment stars took place.

An excursion for distinguished veterans took place at the site of “Impulse” the day before. After the excursion, the veterans met Volodymyr Yelisyeyev and key specialists of “Impulse”. The veterans received holiday presents.

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An article was published in the journal “Nuclear and radiation safety” 2016, No. 03 “Experience of implementation of safety and normal operation control systems for NPP power units”.

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In November 2016, a meeting of the Council of Chief Engineers of NNEGC “Energoatom” was held at the site of PJSC “SRPA “Impulse”. The management and the specialists of SRPA “Impulse” informed guests on the enterprise’s experience in design, manufacture and commissioning of highly-reliable instrumentation and control systems for nuclear power engineering and railway transport, current and prospective developments.

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2017


In May 2017, the meeting of the coordination and expert council of specialists in issues of I&C systems under SE “NNEGC “Energoatom” was held at SRPA “Impulse”.

The members of the coordination and expert council saw all stages of the complete production cycle for I&C systems at SRPA “Impulse”: visited the production workshops and areas, the experimental and research facilities, the testing center. The participants of the coordination and expert council noted high professionalism and well-developed production standards.

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2018


SRPA “Impulse” successfully completed the project on arrangement of the Beskid Railway Tunnel, namely: development, manufacture and successful commissioning of the microprocessor interlocking system that controls train traffic on Beskid Railway Station and Beskid Tunnel. MPC-U executes all train traffic monitoring and safe control functions. The system has an international certificate of meeting the SIL4 safety integrity level of the CENELEC standard.

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Representatives of the EBRD successfully audited execution by “Impulse” of contracts within the framework of implementation of the measures of the Complex (Consolidated) Safety Upgrade Program for Nuclear Power Plant Units (CCSUP). Based on the results of the audit, it was noted that the audit tasks had been implemented in a complete scope.

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SRPA “Impulse” within a consortium won the international tender for supply of the microprocessor interlocking system to Sindel Station (Bulgarian railway). Partners of “Impulse” in the project implementation – Bulgarian companies “Gigastroy”, “Innovo Development Bulgaria” and a Swiss company “BAER Bahnsicherung AG”. In connection with this, a kick-off meeting as to the project implementation took place at the site of SRPA “Impulse”.

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An updated catalog “Highly-reliable instrumentation and control systems for technological processes for nuclear power engineering” was published. It included descriptions of components of the МSKU 4М and systems based on them.

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A catalog “Automatics systems for railways” was published. It included descriptions of components of the railway signalling software and hardware and systems based on them.

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SRPA “Impulse” is a leading Ukrainian designer, manufacturer, and supplier of highly-reliable instrumentation and control systems for nuclear power engineering and railways.
 
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